This guidance provides valuable advice on the principles, disadvantages, substances and procedures for updating the thermal performance of windows with the inclusion of secondary glazing.
Windows make a significant contribution towards the nature of historic buildings and every attempt should be made to keep them. They could additionally show a great deal about the history of a construction; shifting architectural taste and fashion, social hierarchy, building economics, craft abilities and industrial progress.
Older windows may well be draughty as eventually they distort as joints become distressed. Although sufficient venting is crucial in older buildings extreme air leakage through windows squanders heat and is depressed for occupants.
Carefully planned and installed secondary glazing enables the initial windows to be maintained unchanged, and where necessary fixed, whilst reducing air flows and conducted heat decreases. Thus there isn’t a damage to historic material as good as in most cases the setup is readily reversible.
Recent study has shown heat losses by conduction and radiation through a window typically talking can be decreased by over 60% by using secondary glazing with a low emissivity (low-E) tough coating facing the outside. The research has also demonstrated that additional savings can be made if the secondary glazing utilises insulating frameworks or uses double or vacuum glazed units.
Along with raising the thermal performance of windows, secondary glazing can have several added extra advantages including being exceptionally successful at restricting sound transmission.
For listed properties it is necessary to refer to the Conservation Officer at the local planning authority for guidance ahead of the installation of secondary glazing. Listed Building Mandate may be required in some situations.
Just what is secondary glazing?
Secondary glazing is nothing new. In the 19th century some buildings were built with internal secondary glazing designed as part of the initial layout. Frequently another double hung sash window or solid panels with counterbalancing weights were fitted in the space below the window. Their function was to decrease the heat loss and provide some measure of sound insulation to the window aperture.
Secondary glazing is a completely separate window system applied to the room side of pre-existing windows. The first windows stay in place and in their original unaltered form.
Secondary glazing can be found as open-capable, removable or fixed components. The open-capable panels can be either casements or sliding sashes. These kinds allow accessibility to the outside window for cleaning and the opening of both the secondary glazing and outside windows for fresh air. New secondary glazing was created to be detached in warmer months when its thermal extra advantages aren’t required.
Using glazed outside protection for windows using either glass or plastic sheet is known as ‘storm glazing’ rather than merely secondary glazing. Doing this can frequently be used to shield stained glass in churches. Using this kind of system, it’s crucial that you comprehend the potential conditions this creates in the airspace between the present glazing and the additional outside glazing where venting will be needed. Report should also be taken of the environmental conditions inside the construction before designing the setup.
One alternative would be to install storm glazing in winter and remove it in the summertime.
Fixing existing window openings
Recognized hardwood and metal windows can more often than not be restored, even when in relatively inferior state and as a rule at significantly less cost than complete replacement. The strong lumber used before to make windows was of a high quality and quite durable.
Tons of Georgian and Victorian windows are still in place now whilst modern windows can need replacing after just 20 years. Re-building windows is the best method of keeping the visual nature and architectural importance of a building’s elevation and can add to its worth.
Before beginning any updating work including draught-stripping or the adding of secondary glazing, assess what repairs are needed to make the windows completely operational. Windows deteriorate over time so standard renovation, cleaning procedures and painting is always an excellent investment.
For listed buildings, the complete replacement of a window will probably entail Listed Building Consent.
Secondary glazing or double glazing?
Double glazed windows usually have sealed glazing units with 2 panes of glass broken up by an air gap (usually of 12-18 millimetre) that improves thermal insulating material, especially if the glass is coated and the air gap is filled with an inert gas. It’s a significant development that’s generated substantial energy cost savings and reductions in carbon dioxide emissions, especially in new buildings. The Building Regulations make double glazing pretty much obligatory in new building.
Frequently the replacement of present windows using double glazed units can in many scenarios lead to a change in look, especially the smoothness of new glass and the demand for broader hardwood segments and glazing bars.
In historic buildings, there should be a strong taste for renovation as an alternative to replacing as the utilization of double glazing will necessarily bring about a reduction of conventional material. Adding secondary glazing would normally be the favoured option.
The advantages of double glazing over alternate approaches of window enhancement in many cases are overestimated. Much of the relaxation and energy performance advantages of new double glazing come from the decrease in draughts which will result from well-fitted window frames with built-in draught-proofing. These additional benefits are also accessible through repair and draught-proofing of the present windows, or from fitted secondary glazing. With standard progress in the efficacy of secondary glazing it may even be potential for the operation of secondary glazed windows to surpass that of new double glazing.
When it comes to sound removal, double glazed units are not any better than single glazed units; and can be to some degree subordinate for traffic sound. The significant principles for noise reduction are that the windows are nicely suited and draught-proofed. Secondary glazing, with its considerably broader gap between the window panes, is a better sound insulator. Wooden shutters and heavy drapes may also make remarkable progress to sound insulation.
I felt a great relief and delight to try different ways to love myself and appreciate the advantages. My relationship with others has magically enhanced ever since. So, I would like to share my findings with you and hopefully this may bring you some happiness.
The essential difference between these two is that being selfish is due to lacking something internally and not being conscious of that. It could be too little love, assurance, security or real well-being. Those who are self-centred have probably not yet accepted what they lack and instead of working on these places, they instinctively attempt to get others to fulfil these needs for them. The goal is constantly on others. Whether it is about what they are able to get from others, defending themselves from others or needing things from others… While it may not be nice to come across this kind of situation, but understanding that these people are simply attempting to get their internal needs satisfied, may supply us with more choices to how better respond to it.
Self-love occurs when someone KNOWS about themselves and COMPLETELY accepting themselves for who they are. Individuals who love themselves take responsibility and total possession of their own needs and wants. They understand that they’re responsible for their needs and they’re capable to satisfy these needs by themselves. They establish healthy personal boundaries and express what they desire and desire in a kind manner. The goal isn’t to “take” from others, but to honour and fulfil their own needs.
Understanding that, we constantly have to place on our own oxygen mask first, and after that help others. Why is that? Picture if you are feeling really tired and need to catch up with sleep, but you have made an appointment with your partner for dinner and a movie tonight. What would you do? If you carry on anyhow without expressing your worn-out feeling and the need to sleep, you may be unable to show up during the dinner and film. Even if nothing bad happens, would you love the entire experience? Because of this, would you be happy? Would your partner be joyful? Now, let us go back to the oxygen mask question, the reason is when we’ve fulfilled our own needs, it enables us to better help others to fulfil their needs. Likewise, when we love ourselves, it enables us to better adore people around us.
Now, you may still not be 100% clear on the difference between “love yourself” and “being self-centred”. It is OK. We can make an effort to go deeper and let us consider the last paragraph’s example. You may stress that expressing your feelings and demands may disturb your partner, may cause an argument or being judged as self-centred. I concur there are distinct ways of conveying and with different individuals it works otherwise. But keep in mind expressing your feelings and demands does not mean visiting your wants on your partner. It is about expressing your true-self and seeking for understanding and reciprocal arrangement. It is vital that you let your partner to pick what they would like to do to best get their own needs fulfilled. In this situation, they may select to only have a basic dinner and postpone the film. They may select to allow you to rest and go to dinner and film with somebody else. They may additionally choose to postpone the entire event. Having the ability to express yourself really and honour your partner’s selection creates actual familiarity for the relationship which can let you both to better adore each other later on. This doesn’t only apply to adoring relationship, but to any form of relationship. Can you see how it is different from being self-centred? If your partner isn’t able to provide understanding and support your main needs, let yourself to be with an alternate partner.
If you’re feeling you fight with loving yourself, it is possible to discover lots of recourses on the web, publications, videos, podcasts, etc. The truth is, self-love is the supreme aim for all type of self-development and religious works. It is a nicely developed region. Here I want to only introduce two small suggestions which have helped me before.
1, Write a list of stuff you’re good at and things you truly value yourself for. It can be as little as “I cook yummy chicken soup.” Or “I draw nicely.” If you really struggle with this, you can ask friends and family to help. Ask them to write down “What do you gain from being buddies with me?” Add the reply to your list. Each day, review the list when you awaken and before you sleep, let yourself to feel the enjoyment of reading it through.
2, Whenever you do not understand what to do or which choice to make, ask yourself “What would someone who adores themselves do?” accept the response and action on it. When you ask yourself this question, your instinct will automatically give you the response, it does not matter how little the verdict is. It could be “Should I have an apple or a banana?” Your instinct understands at that specific instant, an apple or a banana would be better for your body.
Here Are Some Reasons Why I Love Myself
- I’m determined to do the best I can do
- I have faith that no matter what happens I will be OK
- I’m loyal to my true friends
- I appreciate all gifts from the heart
- I don’t pretend to be someone I’m not
- I speak from my heart
- I want to help people with problems
- I value love
- I believe in individuality
- I make to do lists
- I’m respectful to my parents
- I find hope where there is none
- I choose who I want in life
- I refuse to give up
- I can make mistakes and admit it
- I try to be funny
- I avoid negative debating/fighting
- I believe in equality
- I believe in miracles
- I give someone else the biggest piece
- I give someone else the only piece
- I love to learn and I’m determined to find a way
- I’m open minded
- I share my love to the best of my ability
- I can be strong and gentle at the same time
- I’m clean and sober and lead a healthy lifestyle
- I value trust
- I give what I have
- I keep getting stronger
- I’m able to truly listen
- I’m a hard worker
- I have hopes, dreams and ambitions
- I may not be perfect but I try
- If I put my mind to something, I’ll do it
- I’m alive today
I have tried to do this in years gone by using putty, glass from a glazier and a glass cutter with pins and little success. It does look an easy thing to do but clearly from my own experience, it isn’t and it is easy to break lots of panes of glass or not cut them correctly because it seems more of an art form then a science. In the olden days when a pane of glass in a window in your house or garage or whatever you are in, it seemed quite a simple job to replace the glass. And having read about it in the famous big red readers digest book, it seems quite simple.
Just take the glass that is broken out of the window frame, clean out all of the old putty, go and buy the correct size glass, go and buy new putty either find or buy some pins to keep the glass in the frame and then you have all the necessary items you need to fix that pane of glass.
As I mentioned before I have tried this several times with windows that are broken by my son playing football or myself playing football and in years gone by as I mentioned what one did was to go and fix the glass yourself. I don’t see a lot of glass fixing by D I Y people these days I think it is more difficult because most windows are double glazed and made especially for the window frame.
Therefore I believe if you have a single pane of glass that is single glazing, you probably could have a go yourself and fix it because I believe you can still purchase all of the items mentioned above the putty, pins and glass and have a go yourself. I would recommend getting somebody in if you can to help you because it is not easy and it often looks a mess because the putty is not easy to keep flat and neat and in my case always looked a mess :-).
That may not be the most useful piece of information to help you with broken windows, I hope it was of some use I think the moral of the story is, if you have the skills please try and do it yourself if not call somebody in who is a professional if you want a professional job, I call in Westminster Glass 24/7 my local glazier.
Pests, bugs, flies, insects, you name it they all make it to the bathroom, in search of damp, warmth, moist atmosphere and food in the form of dead skin, hair, actually name it, whatever falls off of your body is fair game to these pests. And pests pose a very serious threat, they are a health risk and hazard waiting to happen. Especially with children old folks, babies and people with immune systems that are weaker than normal due to various issues with their own health. Once people get low for all manner of reasons they are susceptible to disease, germs and bacteria carried by these pests and marched into our bathrooms.
These pest come in the form of;
- Flies of various varieties
Once they get into a bathroom, which is easy enough and they find food, they signal to their colony or group that this is a good place for food and you get infestation. You have to take quick action to eliminate them and that is either to get the relevant product as beating them with a stick doesn’t work any more or call a professional in to treat the issue, which is normally a better idea as they will get it done, where your home grown method is fraught with issues.
Eliminating Pests From Your Bathroom
To lower the chances of a pest invasion, always keep your bathroom clean, as there will then be nothing for them to consume. Clean properly with hot water and a soap product of some sort and clean everywhere. But even with you cleaning, pests still get in, and if this is the case, it is advisable as mentioned above to get in a professional pest controller. There are many around, one we found to be good while in California on vacation was the super pest control company. They were very quick to turn up and deal with the problem.
But it obviously depends on were you are in the world.
Take care out there and don’t let the bed bugs bite. 🙂
Here we have some videos of beautiful bathrooms. Please take your time to have a look and appreciate the beauty of these bathrooms, there is so much work gone into them. We think they are fantastic.
And not beyond everybody’s price range.
Are the taps on your bath loose and you don’t know how to cope with such situation?
You are at the right place to get the guides on putting an end to the slow drip from your tap.
There are various ways you can fix your loosened taps. The first thing you must do when it comes to fixing your leaking taps is to ensure the tap fixing is properly fixed by screwing tightly the nuts from lower part of the bath.
You must not fix your bath in unprofessional manner and you must ascertain that the plumber you call upon to fix your tab gives it in a professional touch; he must never resort to the use of super glue in fixing the tap to the bath.
If super glue is used on your tap, though it will work but it becomes relatively impossible to change old taps some other time.
Do you have it difficult fitting your bath? I will give you the best guides on how best you can fit your bath to save you the cost of repairs coming too soon. Here are the guidelines.
- Fit your taps in a spacious place where repairs or replacement will be handy.
- Ensure the bath has a full support surrounding it, and no space for excesses whenever the bath is filled with water.
- Replacing parts of your bath can seem overwhelming, as it’s important to pick the right ones and to connect them correctly. Make sure you adequately seal floor of the bath in other to make sure the bath is water proof between the tiles and bath.
- Be sure the screws are tightly fitted to avoid you using a shaky bath and please follow all bath instructions.
Wondering how you can apply silicone to your bath, or the best kind of silicone to use and also the know-how on what to do when you are using silicone.
For you to make good choice when it comes to solving bath problems that is silicone related, the best silicone for fitting is to use the full-water proof silicone.
When you are set to apply silicone round your bath I can boldly tell you, it won’t take your sweat because all you need to know is in the article ‘The Best Silicone to buy.’
Have you been wondering if you can fix your bath yourself or you just have to call upon your plumber each time your tap leaks?
It is always more effective to have a professional plumber fix your leaking taps, besides the fact that he will fix it professionally with great number of tools which will make your taps last longer, it also saves you the stress of repairing your tap every now . Fixing taps may appear daunting when it comes to replacing the tap heads, but all these will be.
On the other hand you might want a DIY plumber to fix your tap for you. Replacing the taps are little hard but in a situation of emergency you can call on DIY plumber to fix your tap, but a professional touch on your tap makes a whole difference.
Wondering if you always need to replace a loose tap?
You can easily replace your loose tap with another shallow tap if your tap threads are not correctly fixed.
I want to get my bath tap fixed. Can I do this without bringing my bath out?
The only way to get your bathe fixed if the height hinders the fitting is to make good use of wood cutter, this may seem hard to do , but if you keep up the work you will get the job done.
What do I do when my bath tap tightens and makes my washer shaky?
This is a very common problem with bath taps and this kind of problem occurs when the holes on the bath are too large, it’s not always easy to fit this kind of problem.
The problem of too large holes is common with bath taps and this is due to the cheap rate at which they are being sold and the amount they are been sold gives little or no room for improvement.
I want to avoid getting my plug blocked, how do I get this done?
You really don’t need much to achieve this all you have to do is to get a plug filter.
Is pop up waste in a tub a good stuff to have?
Fitting a press pop up waste to your bath isn’t a bad idea as a matter of fact it’s a reasonable thing to do.
You only need to make sure the pop up is authentic and ensure it’s appropriately fixed. There are some manual pop up waste that are common but remember the most important thing to do while getting your pop up waste fitted is to make sure it’s of good quality and appropriately fixed.
Can I replace single taps with a mixer shower tap?
If you want to get your single taps replaced with a mixer tap with a shower hose affixed to it, you can do ds as long as the holes has been cut to BS standard. Once these are in place nothing stops you from replacing a single taps with mixer shower tap.
No smooth Drainage in my bath, Why this?
If your bath has poor drainage, there are 3 ways of looking at the situation.
- If the water is not draining properly from your bath, it may be because there is a blockage and it will require pressure to drain.
- In a situation where there is smooth drainage but the water cant drain due to gravity slop issue, this occur as a result of levelness of the bath or it may be due to bad mould.
- For you to know if your bath has a bad mould, you need to use a level on bath rim.
How do I stop my bath panel from coming off?
Many bath panels out there are not of quality and inadequate information on the best quality bath panel to use pose a little confusion on getting quality product.
The best thing you can do to stop your bath panel from coming off is to call for the service of a professional plumber to fix your panel for proper usage.
How do I fix my bath to the wall securely to avoid it falling off?
This type of issue occurs when the bath is not properly fitted to the wall with the use of bath brackets.
To get rid of this issue with your bath, you will have to get bath brackets with L shape to enable you screw the brackets to your bath and the wall. You may alternatively make use of wood to secure your bath.
Can I replace my bath without breaking the tiles?
You can but it depends on some factors. If your bath has no rim support and the brackets are easy to cut away, you can simply cut away the stands under the bath.
If your bath is tightly silicone to the wall, there’s no way you will be able to take the bath out unless you remove the row of tiles off the wall.
How can I replace my mixer tap that is located at the back of my bath without taking out the bath?
You must avoid fixing your taps at a location where it won’t be possible to get to it whenever the need arise for repairs and replacements of faulty bad taps.
Or get a trusty plumber.
You may be lucky if your bath is located where there will be an adjoining room from behind the bath. Always put at the back of your mind to fix your bath taps in areas you will be able to get to them easily.
Have you ever being awed at the thought of invention of toilets and also the invention of light bulbs or airplanes, although they don’t carry the same sense of bewilderment. The invention of toilets as so minute and not so talk of it might seem, toilets have in a way transformed the world we live in.